Wakatobi Marine Life is located at the global epicenter of biodiversity of the Coral Reef and is designated the UNESCO Marine Biosphere Reserve. This implies that while diving Wakatobi you can see the greatest variety and diversity of marine life. You will not just see beautiful views or immaculate coral reefs, but additionally abundant colorful reef fish and rare and strange mysterious critters’. New and undocumented species are still found at Wakatobi. There are other places where one can see larger schools of fish, bigger animals and experience more adrenaline packed under water rides, but also for sheer reef scenery and marine life assortment, you will not be disappointed by a diving vacation at Wakatobi.
Wakatobi’s dive sites. Wakatobi is blessed with more than 50 mapped and named dive sites all within a short distance of the main hotel. The reefs surrounding Wakatobi are in fact constant, therefore to call a dive site a site is a little misleading. We identify most of our dive sites at places on the continuous world where we begin the dive. We’ve generally chosen these starting points due to some distinctive under water typography or marine life that’s common to this place. Epicenter of biodiversity. The Wakatobi region is regarded as the epicenter of coral reef biodiversity. 85% of the planet’s coral reefs are based in the Indo Pacific region, and as you travel either east or west from the epicenter of biodiversity, the number of species decreases.
In The Western border Indian Ocean or Eastern border of the Pacific, you may only find about 25 percent of the number of species which are present at Wakatobi. The Atlantic/Caribbean region has less variety, less than one 10th the number of species found in the Indo Pacific. As an example, the Atlantic/Caribbean region has fewer than 70 species of coral whilst the Indo Pacific has over 700 species. The environment affects biodiversity. Coral reef ecosystems desire warm, clear waters to flourish. When there is too much runoff from large rivers or urban expansion nearby, the reefs may be choked by siltation or pollution.
The waters have to be hot, but not too hot. Below 25 C, coral growth is retarded. Above 29 C, the symbiotic algae living in the corals starts to die off and strain the corals. Depth is very important too. Very shallow waters have too high temperature fluctuations and tumultuous tide and surge action. Too deep, and light is diminished, which decreases diversity. At about 20 M depth, there’s lots of light, and also much wave action, even during big storms, and more species can survive.